Tiger Reserves in India – There are 54 tiger reserves in India as of January 2024. The Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserve, located in the districts of Dholpur and Karauli in the state of Rajasthan, is the newest and 54th Tiger Reserve in India. It was established in August 2023.
This article will provide information about Project Tiger, the most recent Tiger Reserve, the total number of tigers in India, all 54 Tiger Reserves, and a state-by-state map of all the Tiger Reserves. This post would be helpful to you if you are preparing for any exams because it is based on questions from several exams.
What is Tiger Reserve
Tiger Reserve is a protected area established to save big cats with stripes (tigers). Conversely, a tiger reserve could be both a wildlife sanctuary and a national park.
For illustration, consider the Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve, which is also a national park. This is because the region was first created as a national park before being dedicated to the protection of tigers.
Under Section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, state governments have established Tiger Reserves on the National Tiger Conservation Authority’s proposal.
New Tiger Reserves in India 2024
In India, four new Tiger Reserves with the following names were announced between 2021 and 2024.
|51st Tiger Reserve
|Srivilliputtur Megamalai Tiger Reserve
|52nd Tiger Reserve
|Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve
|53rd Tiger Reserve
|Ranipur Tiger Reserve
|54th Tiger Reserve
|Dholpur-Karauli Tiger Reserves
We’ll read in-depth about these four most recent tiger reserves now.
India’s 51st Tiger Reserve
The Indian government has declared the Srivilliputtur Megamalai Tiger Reserve in the state of Tamil Nadu to be the 51st Tiger Reserve in India in 2021.
After the Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, and Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, it is the fifth tiger reserve in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The regions of Srivilliputtur Wildlife Sanctuary and Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary were combined to create this tiger reserve.
India’s 52nd Tiger Reserve
The Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan was designated as India’s 52nd Tiger Reserve by the Ministry of Forests, Environment, and Climate Change in July 2021.
With a total area of 1052.12 km2, it is the state of Rajasthan’s fourth tiger reserve.
Situated in the Bundi district, this tiger reserve is 200 kilometers away from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan.
It was renamed as Rajasthan’s Fourth Tiger Reserve.
India’s 53rd Tiger Reserve
On October 19, 2022, the Uttar Pradesh state’s Ranipur Tiger Reserve was designated as India’s 53rd Tiger Reserve.
This tiger reserve is situated in the Chitrakoot district of Uttar Pradesh’s Bundelkhand region, close to the Madhya Pradesh border.
The Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1977, is divided into a 230 km2 core and a buffer zone measuring 299.58 km2, making the overall area of the tiger reserve 529.89 km2.
There are currently no tigers in Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary. The Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh is 150 kilometers away from this tiger reserve.
54th Tiger Reserve of India
The National Tiger Conservation Authority gave their approval in August 2023 for the creation of a new tiger reserve in Rajasthan State’s Dholpur and Karauli districts.
It became the fifth tiger reserve in Rajasthan and the 54th tiger reserve in India.
Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve, Chhattisgarh
In 2022, the state of Chhattisgarh’s Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve is the next proposed tiger reserve.
After Achankmar Tiger Reserve, Indravati Tiger Reserve, and Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve, this is the fourth tiger reserve in the state of Chhattisgarh.
The Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve, India’s 53rd Tiger Reserve, is the combined area of Chhattisgarh’s Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary and Guru Ghasidas National Park.
Guru Ghasidas National Park was the last known home of the Asiatic cheetah in India. It acts as a corridor for tigers to travel between the Palamu and Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserves in Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh. It also connects Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh.
Global Tiger Population
Thirteen nations in all, including Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal, India, China, and Russia, are home to the majority of the world’s tigers. The estimated number of tigers worldwide was 4200.
By 2022, tigers will no longer exist in Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, according to an IUCN report.
India is home to 40% of the world’s 15 wild cat species as well as more than 70% of all tigers worldwide.
2010 St. Petersburg Declaration
India and other nations organized the inaugural Tiger Summit in St. Peters, Russia, in 2010.
The Global Tiger Recovery Programme was announced during this conference to double the tiger population by 2022 and reverse the species’ sharp decline.
In 2018, Nepal became the first country to reach the goal of doubling the number of tigers, and in 2019, India became the second country to do so.
India’s Tiger Population
Every four years, India conducts a tiger census. Tigers are counted using the M-STrIPES [Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status] app.
With an annual growth rate of 6%, the number of tigers climbed from 1411 in the 2006 census to 2967 in the 2018 census.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi revealed the most recent figure of tigers in India on the 50th anniversary of Project Tiger. As of April 2023, tigers are estimated to number 3,167 in India. The overall number of tigers in India has increased significantly by 200, from 2,967 to 3,167 in the last four years, from 2019 to 2023, according to the most recent census.
The states of India have the following numbers of tigers according to the 2018 census.
|Number of Tigers